Wave and Current Interactions
In this presentation, we examine 3-D structure of nearshore circulation driven by short-crested wave breaking using the 3-D Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic model, GPUSPH (Hérault et al., 2010). The alongshore variation of incident wave field has been imposed by using the method of intersecting wave trains proposed by Dalrymple (1975). We use the 3-D vortex force formalism to analyze the various forcing mechanisms of the observed circulation. Of particular interest is the relative importance of the vortex force compared with the other wave-averaged forces. The accuracy of the depth-averaged vortex force based on the formulation of Smith  is also examined.