Wave Force on Buildings
This paper describes the distribution of building failures on the Bolivar Peninsula, TX due to Hurricane Ike in 2008. Depth/damage relative to floor elevation is evaluated based on ADCIRC+SWAN modeling and FEMA flood mapping. Approximately 4000 houses on piling foundations were surveyed. Where the measured wave elevations were accurately modeled, wave failures commenced when the wave elevations reached the bottom of the floor joists and approached 100% at 4 feet higher.