Health Services Research

SS 44 - HSR 2 - Health Services Research

328 - Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of External Beam Radiation Therapy Versus Cryoablation for Palliation of Uncomplicated Bone Metastases

Wednesday, October 24
4:15 PM - 4:25 PM
Location: Room 008

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of External Beam Radiation Therapy Versus Cryoablation for Palliation of Uncomplicated Bone Metastases
E. M. Chang1, N. Shaverdian1, N. Capiro2, M. L. Steinberg3, and A. Raldow1; 1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 2Department of Radiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 3University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

Purpose/Objective(s): The use of cryoablation for the palliation of bone metastases is increasing. We determined the cost-effectiveness of incorporating cryoablation in palliative treatment regimens for uncomplicated bone metastases with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) using either single fraction (SFRT) or multiple fraction (MFRT) regimens.

Materials/Methods: We constructed a Markov model using 1-month cycles over a lifetime horizon to compare the cost-effectiveness of multiple treatment strategies, including EBRT followed by EBRT for recurrence of pain (EBRT-EBRT), EBRT followed by cryoablation for recurrence of pain (EBRT-ablation), and cryoablation followed by EBRT for recurrence of pain (ablation-EBRT). EBRT-EBRT consisted of 8 Gy in 1 fraction followed by 8 Gy in 1 fraction (SFRT-SFRT) and 30 Gy in 10 fractions followed by 20 Gy in 5 fractions (MFRT-MFRT). Transition probabilities and utilities were extracted from the literature. Costs were calculated from a payer perspective using 2017 Medicare reimbursement in a hospital-based setting. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) were calculated with strategies evaluated using a willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold of $100,000 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY). To account for model uncertainty, 1-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed.

Results: In the base case analysis, SFRT-ablation was the only cost-effective treatment strategy relative to SFRT-SFRT at $90,362/QALY. MFRT-ablation was cost-effective relative to MFRT-MFRT at $93,327/QALY. Ablation-SFRT and ablation-MFRT were not cost-effective relative to SFRT-SFRT or MFRT-MFRT with ICERs >$100,000/QALY. In 1-way sensitivity analyses, results were highly sensitive to variation in the utility of relieved pain, the utility of unrelieved pain, the probability of pain relief after cryoablation, the probability of return of pain after initial relief from cryoablation, the probability of pain relief after retreatment with SFRT, the probability of return of pain after initial relief from retreatment with SFRT, and the cost of SFRT and cryoablation. Results were also sensitive to variation in median survival (base case: 9 months), with SFRT-SFRT favored at median survival ≤8.1 months and MFRT-ablation favored at ≥23.5 months. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that SFRT-ablation was preferred in 31.9% of simulations at WTP of $100,000/QALY.

Conclusion: Cryoablation is a potentially cost-effective alternative to re-irradiation with EBRT for recurrence of pain following EBRT; however, no strategy incorporating upfront cryoablation was cost-effective relative to EBRT alone. Given high sensitivity to variation in model parameters, prospective studies well powered to compare the relative efficacy, cost, and quality of life of EBRT and cryoablation are indicated.

Author Disclosure: E.M. Chang: None. N. Shaverdian: None. N. Capiro: None. M.L. Steinberg: Honoraria; Accuray.

Eric Chang, MD

UCLA Radiation Oncology

Disclosure:
Employment
UCLA: Resident Physician: Employee

Biography:
Eric Chang, MD is a medical resident physician PGY-4 in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. He received his MD degree from the University of California, San Francisco in 2015 and BA from Pomona College in 2009.

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