Advanced endodontic surgery requires in addition to proper retrograde root canal treatment also perfect soft tissue management. During this lecture both innovative aspects of state-of-the-art flap-designs and completely new types of incisions for specific clinical situations will be presented and discussed. We will learn how to handle gingival recessions during endodontic surgery and how to incise when restored implants are in the immediate vicinity.
Sufficient knowledge of the anatomy of the oral tissues will help to understand that the capacity of regeneration and healing is primarily dependent on the vascularization and metabolism of the pristine tissues. Based on anatomic studies and clinical experience a straight forward advice will be given to manage incisions and suturing sophisticatedly but with ease.