Organized Panel Session
This paper examines the relationship between victims of the atomic bomb and disabled soldiers depicted in the works of Ōta Yōko(1903-1963). As John W. Treat already pointed out, Ōta was the only Hiroshima victim already a prominent novelist. She started her career in 1929, and her works widely span from proletarian literature, the I-novel, patriotic literature, to A-bomb literature. Ever since her debut novel she focused on wounds of various kinds. Just before the war ended, she started to depict disabled soldiers with sympathy. In her context, even the American soldiers who were disabled have something in common with the victims of Hiroshima. She also depicted the requests of broadcasting companies that forced her to recall the tragedy of Hiroshima every August. It was a national ritual for Japanese people to remember the war and to swear that it would never happen again, but it was a mental violence for her to stimulate her trauma every summer. After the Lucky Dragon incident in 1954, the divide between Japanese society and her got larger. She escaped from Tokyo and wrote short stories on her travels. In these stories, she depicted disabled soldiers in hospitals as victims of nationalism, just like herself. I want to examine the representations of wounds in her works, and to clarify the relationship between the nation and violence.