China and Inner Asia
Organized Panel Session
Water resources in Mongolia are decreasing due to climate change, unregulated use of water sources, and pollution. At the same time, demand for water resources is increasing as a result of population growth and economic expansion. As of 2016, 346 lakes and 263 rivers and 774 creeks have disappeared. A few thousand engineered wells and waste water treatment plants have also disappeared. In rural areas, many local people get sick. They know it is because of the drinking water; however, there are no laboratories to analyze water quality in these areas.
Mongolia views this as a critical issue. At present, there are no fully developed, integrated, institutional and legal infrastructures for Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) in Mongolia. This paper discusses the urgent need for implementing the IRBM principles for sustainable water management, and analyzes how the stressed freshwater situation in Mongolia could be addressed by a coordinated approach of governmental institutions, donors, NGOs, local populations, and other key stakeholders.