Organized Panel Session
We conducted a comparative study of migration patterns and household arrangements in China’s Guangdong province and in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi in Vietnam. Despite having similar legacies of socialist transformation, a Leninist Party-state, and similar household registration systems in the past, the two post-socialist countries have developed distinctively different patterns of migration by rural-to-urban migrant populations, and in their access to urban social and welfare services. Migrant factory workers in the two countries differ in their residential patterns, family lives, parenting practices, and children’s educational opportunities. To explain these patterns, we argue that the two countries’ current household registration systems and evolving factory regimes produce divergent conditions for migrants and their families.