Organized Panel Session
The rejection of internationalism is the conventional history of interwar Japan. A careful examination of Japanese people of the 1930s reveals that Marxism and quest for technology, both with deep historical roots in Japan’s modernization efforts, fuelled their desires to engage with the wider world. Those who could not deny the allure of communism and its revolutionary potential to remake East Asia advocated a world order in which Japan co-existed with the Soviet Union and communist China. When non-Marxistsargued that art and technology would eventually integrate the world into one large communityandeffectively erase national boundaries, Russian presence in these fields offered them such critical connections to the world. While these two strands did not necessarily form a definite brand of Japan’s internationalism, both demonstrate how the parochial pan-Asianist bent of the 1930s was shot through by visions and proposals of a steadfastly much wider engagement with the world via the Soviet Union/Russia.