Organized Panel Session
This paper presents key figures and works representative of modern Vietnamese architecture in order to reconsider how a modern and national architecture was built. From the colonial period until the eve of Doi Moi (the period of economic opening), Vietnamese architectural modernity took many forms. In spite of conflicts and restrictions, Vietnamese architects developed an architecture connected to contemporary movements, whether as part of the Soviet-led socialist world, or on the contrary, of the capitalist West. In both the North or South of the country building projects were designed to be anchored locally and to meet the cultural, aesthetic, technical, and even political aspirations of the Vietnamese. This preoccupation to build an architecture "for the country" has been constant, from the 1930 when the architects of the School of Fine Arts of Indochina diverted the concepts of the colonial style "Indochinois" for more social and political projects, to the 1980s, where in the magazine Tap Chi Kien Truc there were subtle calls to adapt Soviet collective housing to the Vietnamese context.