Organized Panel Session
Many countries in Asia presents the conundrum of peasant persistence against deep and rapid structural change. Thailand is one such country. Drawing on fieldwork across three provinces of Northeast Thailand undertaken between 2013 and 2016, this paper argues that to understand why smallholdings persist we need to cross three boundaries: geographical, economic and intellectual. First, we need to recognize that rural livelihoods are, at the same time and in important ways, urban. Second, we need to look at the way that conditions and processes of non-farm work and working impact and shape farm work and working. And third, this means in turn that we need to bring together conceptualizations of transition often based in different spheres or field of scholarship. It is through these boundary-crossing movements that we can make sense of the paradox in the title of this paper: of deagrarianization without depeasantization.