Organized Panel Session
This presentation argues that there was a discursive relationship between the form of written Urdu and religious identity among Muslims in early twentieth century British India. This argument proceeds with a visual analysis of Madinah newspaper, published in Bijnor qasbah from 1912. Although scholarship on Islam in 19th and 20th century South Asia has emphasized the turn toward Arab and English models, this chapter demonstrates the persistence of a Persian visual culture in the form of lithographed newspapers. This presentation first describes South Asian lithographic methods based on archival work, observations of printing presses and analysis of lithographic stones. I then analyze Madinah newspaper’s choice of printing method, style of calligraphy, and aesthetic history to show that lithographed newspapers were technologies significant to piety for Muslims in South Asia in the twentieth century.