The signing of the “Mizoram Accord” or “Memorandum of Settlement” between the Mizo National Front [MNF] and the Government of India on June 30, 1986 has been proclaimed as one of the most successful peace accord in the country. Although women were a part of the insurgency – as participants and victims – and played a role in peace making, the history of their involvement has generally been ignored. When historians discuss women, it is generally as victims of violence generated by the insurgency. What has been left out is the different ways in which women experienced violence and how they responded to the circumstances of this time.
This paper is an attempt to address some aspects of the missing story by focusing on the memories of women who experienced the events of this time. Utilizing women’s oral histories, the paper focuses on how women, with reference to region, tribe and religion, defined their roles at the time and how they explained their actions. There is a feminist discourse affirming that insurgency involves gendered activities and so women's experiences and responses are different from those of men. In the context of Mizoram, women’s contribution to the formation of the state remains largely unrecognized. When peace returned, there was a tendency to forget the violence, which women faced, and many people preferred not to discuss what happened in the time of turmoil.