This paper focuses on a 16-17th century litterateur, Abd al-Haqq Muhaddis Dehlawi (1551-1642) who was adept in Islamic theology, sufism and penned more than 60 essays and books in varied lierary forms. In modern historiography 'Abd al-Haqq has been projected as a ‘revivalist’ whose sole focus was to spread and popularize the hadith studies in the subcontinent. In this paper I wish to question this simplistic assessment of ‘Abd al-Haqq as a theologian by focussing on two aspects: firstly, autobiographical statements of ‘Abd al-Haqq about his educational training, scholarship and spiritual initiation in three diverse texts written by him during different phases of his life; secondly, nature and diversity of his texts, that is, tarikh, tazkirat, maktubat and akhlaq, and implications of this to underline the development of his persona. In the recent years, historians are increasingly focussing on the writings of scribal class of the medieval period as an alternative to court-centred histories produced earlier. In this paper I trace the intellectual milieu of the sixteenth and seventeenth century to trace the making of an ‘alim who was socialized in this Persianate-vernacular world and chose to respond to the challenges posed by the milieu by writing texts. Further, rather than focussing on a unilinear development of ‘Abd al-Haqq’s persona, I trace the processes that led to his transitions in his life from an ‘alim to a sufi and later a muhaddis-sufi. This helps me in questioning the simplistic paradigm of equating theologians with orthodoxy.