Randeep Kaur, MD, Sandra Naffouj, MD, Syed-Mohammed Jafri, MD
Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI
Introduction: Porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a known and potentially fatal complication of general surgery. However, it has been rarely reported as a complication of worsening liver disease after undergoing bariatric surgery. This is a case of a patient who presented with mesenteric thrombosis following Roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB).
Case Description/Methods: Patient is a 42-year-old African American female with a history of RYGB who presented with episodes of post-operative abdominal pain for 5 years. She was found to have recurrent high-grade small bowel obstruction’s (SBO) necessitating a small bowel resection. Her course was further complicated by intra-abdominal abscesses requiring computed tomography (CT)-guided drainage, and wound dehiscence requiring open surgical intervention and debridement. Four months after discharge, she presented with right-sided abdominal pain and acute encephalopathy. Liver enzymes were elevated. Abdominal ultrasound revealed portal vein thrombosis (PVT). Dual-phase CT of the abdomen revealed sub-acute to chronic complete diffuse mesenteric thrombosis with collateralizations involving the portal, splenic, and distal superior mesenteric veins. Given that previous imaging suggested steatosis and hepatomegaly, sub-acute liver injury secondary to thrombosis was established in the setting of chronic liver disease. The patient’s underlying non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was likely worsened by severe malnutrition and short gut syndrome following the RYGB. Her hepatic encephalopathy resolved after initiating lactulose and rifaximin. Outpatient hematology evaluation for all causes of thrombophilia remained inconclusive and the patient had no recurrences of thrombosis.
Discussion: RYGB remains the gold standard for bariatric surgery as it results in the most durable weight loss. However, complications may occur such as gastrointestinal leak, fistulas, marginal ulcers, SBO, and dumping syndrome. Mechanisms of thrombosis formation in this setting could be related to intra-operative vascular manipulation, increased intra-abdominal pressure, venous stasis, and possibly deteriorating liver function secondary to rapid weight loss and malnutrition. PMVT hasn’t been reported consistently as a complication in various bariatric surgery studies, which leads us to conclude that it’s either under or mis-diagnosed. It is extremely important to consider PMVT as a complication of RYGB in patients who have evidence of underlying liver disease prior to undergoing RYGB.
Citation: Randeep Kaur, MD, Sandra Naffouj, MD, Syed-Mohammed Jafri, MD. P2485 - A RARE COMPLICATION OF GASTRIC BYPASS IN THE SETTING OF CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE. Program No. P2485. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.