Lindsey A. Bierle, DO1, Shravani Reddy, MD1, Varun Kesar, MD2, Vikas Chitnavis, MD2, Douglas J. Grider, MD3
1Virginia Tech Carilion, Roanoke, VA; 2Virginia Tech, Roanoke, VA; 3Carilion Clinic and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, VA
Introduction: Synchronous carcinomas in the same patient were first elucidated in the early 1930s. Following this initial recognition, awareness of synchronous carcinomas coupled with advancements in medical technology have made diagnosis of two primary carcinomas from separate sites in the same time interval possible. We present a case of newly diagnosed synchronous primary esophageal and ascending colon adenocarcinomas in a patient presenting with lower gastrointestinal bleed.
Case Description/Methods: A 74-year-old female with a history of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair on dual-antiplatelet therapy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on continuous supplemental oxygen at four liters per minute, and tobacco abuse presented with complaints of bright red blood per rectum. Hemoglobin on presentation was 12.5g/dL, down-trending to 9.0g/dL the following day. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed a nodule in esophageal mucosa, a submucosal lesion in the esophageal body, 30 centimeters from the incisors, and a small hiatal hernia with initial pathology showing high grade dysplasia in Barrett mucosa. There was no active bleeding site and hemoglobin was stable. Patient was discharged with plan for repeat EGD for evaluation of dysplastic Barrett mucosa and complete work up for anemia. Repeat EGD with endoscopic mucosal resection showed Barrett esophagus and a distal esophageal mass at 30cm. Colonoscopy showed an ascending colon mass. Histopathology with ancillary immunohistochemistry revealed synchronous primary esophageal adenocarcinoma and a second primary ascending colonic adenocarcinoma. The patient was then staged as esophageal adenocarcinoma T2N0 by endoscopic ultrasound with recommendations for esophageal resection and T2N0 colon adenocarcinoma with recommendations for hemicolectomy. Given comorbidities, she was deemed not a candidate for esophagectomy, however successfully underwent elective right hemicolectomy.
Discussion: Common synchronous carcinomas within the gastrointestinal tract include colon and appendiceal malignancies, followed by small bowel, gastric, and esophageal carcinomas. Colonic neoplasias (up to 20%) are the most common synchronous cancers in patients with primary gastric cancer; the incidence of esophageal and synchronous colon cancers is unknown, however, highlighting this case’s uniqueness. Upon discovering multiple primary malignancies, accurate staging along with immunohistochemical analysis is key to distinguish each primary cancer and determine appropriate therapy.
Citation: Lindsey A. Bierle, DO; Shravani Reddy, MD; Varun Kesar, MD; Vikas Chitnavis, MD; Douglas J. Grider, MD. P0167 - SYNCHRONOUS ESOPHAGEAL AND COLON ADENOCARCINOMA: A CASE REPORT. Program No. P0167. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.