Hamzah Abu-Sbeih, MD1, Faisal Ali, MD2, Phillip Lum3, Wei Qiao, PhD3, Mehnaz A. Shafi, MD, FACG3, Robert Bresalier, MD3, Ernest Hawk, MD3, Gottumukkala Raju, MD3, Yinghong Wang, MD, PhD3
1University of Missouri, Kansas City, MO; 2Presence Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, IL; 3MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Introduction: Screening for colonic neoplasia has decreased the incidence of colorectal cancer in the United States in the past two decades. Whether personal history of noncolorectal cancer is a risk factor for colonic neoplasia has not been studied. We assessed the risk of colorectal neoplasia in noncolorectal cancer survivors.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who had undergone colonoscopy for any indication between 2009 and 2018. Colonic adenoma detection rate and multivariate logistic regression were conducted to assess for the primary outcomes of the study.
Results: The study included 9408 cancer patients and 3295 control patients. Colonic adenomas were detected in 4503 cancer patients (48%) and 950 cancer-free patients (29%). Histologic examination of these adenomas revealed tubulovillous features in 620 patients (5%) and villous in 153 (1%). High-grade dysplasia was detected in 1611 patients (13%). Invasive colorectal adenocarcinoma was detected in 455 patients (12%); this rate was highest in patients with multiple myeloma (14%) (Table 1). Multivariate analysis revealed that a personal history of noncolorectal cancer was associated with increased risk of adenoma (Odd ratio, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.84-2.26; P< 0.001). The adenoma detection rate was 30% in patients younger than 40 years (n=1211), 32% in patients between 41 and 50 years (n=812), 47% in patients between 51 and 60 years (n=2892), and 55% in patients older than 60 years (n=4493) (Figure 1).
Discussion: The adenoma detection rate in patients with a personal history of noncolorectal cancer is higher than the reported rate of the general population and our control group.
Citation: Hamzah Abu-Sbeih, MD; Faisal Ali, MD; Phillip Lum; Wei Qiao, PhD; Mehnaz A. Shafi, MD, FACG; Robert Bresalier, MD; Ernest Hawk, MD; Gottumukkala Raju, MD; Yinghong Wang, MD, PhD. P1123 - PATIENTS WITH NON-COLORECTAL CANCERS MAY BE AT ELEVATED RISK OF COLORECTAL NEOPLASIA. Program No. P1123. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.