Abirami Thiyagarajan, MD1, John Romano, MD1, Yuqi Guo, MSW2, Omar Massoud, MD, PhD1, Mohamed Shoreibah, MD3, DeAnn Jones, PharmD1
1University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL; 2University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL; 3University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL
The rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after liver transplant (LT) is greater than 95% and chronic recurrence is more aggressive in the setting of immunosuppressive therapy (IS) in LT patients.
Sustained viral response (SVR) is associated with lower mortality rates related to hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations of HCV including renal disease.
Currently, however, there are no clear guidelines for the timing of HCV treatment post LT. The goal of this study is to examine the effects of early HCV treatment post-LT on kidney function, liver function and IS.
This is a retrospective study of 38 LT patients who received HCV treatment within 1 year between 2015 and 2018.
Renal function, hepatic function and immunosuppressive regimens were compared at HCV treatment initiation and when patients achieved SVR post treatment.
86% of patients received a Sofosbuvir based regimen.
Results: The study included 38 patients with recurrent HCV post LT. Patients were 79% male, 71% Caucasian, with mean age being 57 [range 33-73]. The mean number of days between LT and HCV treatment initiation was 129 days [range 15-321]. All patients were initiated on treatment within the first year of LT. SVR rate was 100% in patients that were compliant with the regimen. No serious side effects were reported. There was no significant difference in mean pre and post-HCV treatment creatinine or number of patients with GFR < 60-pre/post treatment. There was no significant difference between number of patients on Mycophenolate or Tacrolimus before and after treatment. There was no significant difference in the mean dose of steroids, Azathioprine, Mycophenolate or Tacrolimus before and after HCV treatment.
Discussion: In patients completing treatment for recurrent HCV within 1 year of LT as early as 15 days post LT, treatment was well tolerated and effective with 100% SVR rate. There was no significant change in number of patients with Cr < 60 before and after treatment and no significant change in the dose of IS. Further studies will help compare outcomes and effects of HCV treatment within one year post LT vs later particularly on renal function and IS therapy.
Citation: Abirami Thiyagarajan, MD; John Romano, MD; Yuqi Guo, MSW; Omar Massoud, MD, PhD; Mohamed Shoreibah, MD; DeAnn Jones, PharmD. P1530 - EARLY TREATMENT OF RECURRENT HEPATITIS C POST-LIVER TRANSPLANT. Program No. P1530. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.