Saurabh Chandan, MD1, Babu P. Mohan, MD2, Harmeet Mashiana, MD1, Banreet Dhindsa, MD3, Annie Braseth, MD1, Harlan Sayles, MS1, Lokesh Jha, MD1, Shailender Singh, MD1, Douglas G. Adler, MD, FACG4
1University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE; 2University of Arizona / Banner University Medical Center, Tucson, AZ; 3University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NV; 4University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT
Introduction: Functional biliary Sphincter of Oddi disorder, previously referred to as Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction, is an established cause of recurrent acute pancreatitis which is defined as two or more episodes of documented acute pancreatitis per year. Data on the efficacy of endoscopic sphincterotomy in preventing future episodes of pancreatitis is limited. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical efficacy of index endoscopic sphincterotomy in patients with Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis secondary to manometrically proven functional biliary Sphincter of Oddi disorder. Our goal was to assess reduction in episodes of pancreatitis following sphincterotomy, and not to assess chronic pain in these patients.
Methods: We conducted a search of several databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Google-Scholar, Scopus and Cochrane Review (from 1960 to October 2018). Random-effects model was used for analysis. Heterogeneity between study-specific estimates was calculated using Cochran Q statistical test, 95% confidence interval (CI) and I2 statistics. Publication bias was ascertained, qualitatively, by visual inspection of funnel plot and quantitatively, by the Egger test.
Results: Our initial search yielded 3201 results. Of 1936 studies screened, 12 met inclusion criteria. A total of 396 patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis and abnormal manometry findings were included from these studies in the final analysis. The interventions performed were as follows: Endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy in 212 (53.5%), endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy in 19 (4.8%) and dual biliary and pancreatic sphincterotomy in 165 (41.6%) patients. Technical success ranged from 99 to 100%.The pooled estimate for clinical success following index sphincterotomy was 68.4% (95% CI 57.6-77.4; I2=71.4%). Lone endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy was successful in 43/60 (71.6%) patients. The pooled estimate for proportion of patients with post-ERCP pancreatitis was 23.2% (95% CI 16.6-31.4; I2=44.4%). The follow up duration ranged from 6 to 120 months. There was no evidence of publication bias, based on funnel plot analysis and Egger’s test.
Discussion: Our study highlights the utility and clinical efficacy of endoscopic sphincterotomy in patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis secondary to Functional biliary Sphincter of Oddi disorder. We conclude that 68.4% of patients improved after endoscopic sphincterotomy and that it can be considered in patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis.
Citation: Saurabh Chandan, MD; Babu P. Mohan, MD; Harmeet Mashiana, MD; Banreet Dhindsa, MD; Annie Braseth, MD; Harlan Sayles, MS; Lokesh Jha, MD; Shailender Singh, MD; Douglas G. Adler, MD, FACG. P1478 - TO CUT OR NOT TO CUT – CLINICAL EFFICACY OF ENDOSCOPIC SPHINCTEROTOMY IN RECURRENT ACUTE PANCREATITIS FROM FUNCTIONAL BILIARY SPHINCTER OF ODDI DISORDER: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS. Program No. P1478. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.