Andrew Bensinger, DO1, Steven Clayton, MD2
1Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, NC; 2Wake Forest University Baptist Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC
Introduction: Patients with gastroparesis experience a wide range of symptoms from early satiety to frequent emesis and severe abdominal pain. However, few studies have evaluated concomitant underlying esophageal pathology or frequency of gastroesophageal reflux episodes in patients diagnosed with gastroparesis. Prolonged gastric emptying may lead to increased intra-gastric pressure and volume of gastric contents that may result in increased frequency of distal esophageal reflux events. The aim of this study was to assess for significant differences in total duration of distal esophagus acid exposure and number of gastroesophageal reflux events as detected by impedance pH testing between gastroparesis and control cohorts.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 84 patient charts who underwent both 4-hour gastric emptying studies and 24-hour ambulatory pH testing was performed. Patients with gastroparesis, as documented by abnormal 4-hour gastric emptying studies, were compared with age and gender matched controls. Patients taking PPI during testing were excluded from the study. Percent of total distal esophageal time pH < 4 (nl < 4%) and impedance values (nl< 53) were compared between the gastroparesis and control groups. Continuous variables were analyzed using independent 2-tailed t-test, while categorical values were evaluated using a chi squared analysis.
Results: Forty-two gastroparesis patients (9 men and 33 women, median age 46 years old, range 19-81 years old) underwent 24-hour ambulatory pH monitoring while off of PPI. When comparing total mean impedance events during pH testing, the gastroparesis cohort experienced significantly more episodes of distal esophageal reflux events, 61.27 ± 11.34vs 45.81 ± 7.72 ( p = 0.028), respectively. Mean percent total distal time for esophageal pH < 4.0 was higher for the gastroparesis group when compared to controls, 4.79 ± 1.48% vs 3.31 ± 1.15% ( p = 0.125), respectively.
Discussion: This pilot study demonstrates that patients meeting criteria for gastroparesis by gastric emptying study have significantly higher number of reflux episodes than those with normal gastric emptying. Trends toward a higher percentage of total distal esophageal acidity exposure time and a higher proportion of the gastroparesis group meeting diagnostic criteria for GERD were also seen. In the future, expanding sample sizes to better investigate these preliminary trends will be beneficial to better understand the association of GERD and gastroparesis.
Citation: Andrew Bensinger, DO; Steven Clayton, MD. P1189 - ASSESSING THE PREVALENCE OF GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX IN GASTROPARESIS: PUTTING THE G BACK IN GERD. Program No. P1189. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.