Award: Fellows-in-Training Award (IBD Category)
Award: Presidential Poster Award
Gaurav B. Nigam, MBBS, DNB, MRCP1, Jimmy K. Limdi, FRCP, FACG2, Shaheen Hamdy, PhD, FRCP3, Dipesh H. Vasant, PhD, MRCP4
1Pennine Acute Hospital NHS Trust, Manchestre, England, United Kingdom; 2Northern Care Alliance, Bury, England, United Kingdom; 3Salford Royal Hospital, University of Manchester, Manchester, England, United Kingdom; 4Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, England, United Kingdom
Introduction: Despite advances in Ulcerative Colitis (UC) therapies, many patients suffer refractory defecatory symptoms in the absence of active inflammation. For this group, treatment is challenging, with a paucity of research and limited therapeutic options. In this prospective, ongoing study, we aim to determine the prevalence of faecal incontinence (FI) in patients with quiescent UC.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, consecutive patients with UC attending Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) clinics completed a series of validated questionnaires; including an IBD-specific FI questionnaire (ICIQ-IBD questionnaire), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Rome IV diagnostic questionnaire, and the IBD-control questionnaire. Participants were requested to return a Faecal Calprotectin (FCP) within 2 weeks of completing questionnaires. Quiescent UC was defined as IBD-control 8 score ≥13 and IBD-control-VAS ≥85, and/or FCP levels ≤250 (where available, FCP data were used in preference to IBD-control to classify UC activity). Data were compared between active and quiescent groups using chi-square and non-parametric tests.
Results: Overall, n=97 UC patients (n=50 males, mean age 48 (range 18-82) participated. ICIQ-IBD data revealed that most patients experience FI (84/97 (87%) during 'relapses'. Interestingly, 58/97 (60%) reported FI when in 'remission', and this group had higher median HADS depression (P=0.0002), poorer QoL scores (P< 0.0001), and trend towards higher HADS anxiety (P=0.09) scores, compared to those without FI. Disease activity data (IBD-control and/or FCP) were available for all patients, and based on these 61/97 (63%) had quiescent UC. The prevalence of FI based on ICIQ-IBD did not differ between those with active (22/36, 61%) and quiescent UC (36/61, 59%), P=NS. In those with FI on ICIQ-IBD, median IBD-FI symptom scores, IBD-FI QoL scores and HADS (anxiety: P=0.47, depression: P=0.18) id not differ between disease activity groups. However, within the quiescent group, patients that met the more stringent Rome IV criteria for FI (n=13) had higher median IBD-FI symptom scores (P=0.007) and HADS-depression scores (P=0.05),a trend to worse IBD-FI QoL (P=0.07), but similar HADS-anxiety (P=0.68).
Discussion: This is one of the first studies to identify that FI affects most patients with UC, regardless of disease activity, with a detrimental impact on patients’ psychological wellbeing and QoL. FI be screened for in IBD clinics. There is an urgent need for further research in this area.
Citation: Gaurav B. Nigam, MBBS, DNB, MRCP; Jimmy K. Limdi, FRCP, FACG; Shaheen Hamdy, PhD, FRCP; Dipesh H. Vasant, PhD, MRCP. P1403 - THE HIDDEN BURDEN OF FAECAL INCONTINENCE IN ACTIVE AND QUIESCENT ULCERATIVE COLITIS: AN UNDERESTIMATED PROBLEM?. Program No. P1403. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.