Tarek Odah, MD1, Shervin Shafa, MD2
1MetroWest Medical Center, Framingham, MA; 2Georgetown University, Washington, DC
Introduction: Current guidelines recommend esophagectomy for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma stage T1b. There are limited data regarding multimodality therapy for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma T1b using endoscopic therapy instead of a surgical option. We present a case of EAC stage T1b patient who was successfully treated by multimodality treatments.
Case Description/Methods: An 84 years old female with a history of Barrett’s esophagus underwent an endoscopy and was found to have esophageal adenocarcinoma with deep submucosal invasion (T1b) with no surrounding lymphadenopathy on EUS. She was recommended to have an esophagectomy but refused and requested a less invasive approach. She was offered endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and cryoablative treatments. Over the course of one year, the patient underwent several sessions of endoscopic EMR followed by cryoablative therapy. The fourth EMR specimen revealed positive deep margins involving the submucosa with lymphovascular invasion (LVI). Further sessions of cryoablation and EMR were done and she was also referred to oncology for adjuvant therapy. Oncology recommended both chemotherapy (with paclitaxel and carboplatin) as well as radiotherapy. However, the patient couldn’t tolerate more than two sessions of chemotherapy so it was discontinued while radiotherapy was continued. Few months after the patient finished radiotherapy she underwent a follow-up EGD with multiple biopsies which showed no evidence of dysplasia or malignancy.
Discussion: Endoscopic eradication therapy is the treatment of choice for early esophageal cancer. Surgical management for T1b is recommended given higher rates of LVI. Our case represents a successful case of eradicated adenocarcinoma using a multidisciplinary approach involving gastroenterology, thoracic surgery, medical oncology, and radiation oncology. More data will be helpful in assessing the effectiveness of a multimodality approach in treating T1b esophageal adenocarcinoma with LVI without invasive surgery.
Citation: Tarek Odah, MD; Shervin Shafa, MD. P1214 - CAN WE AVOID ESOPHAGECTOMY IN T1B ESOPHAGEAL ADENOCARCINOMA?. Program No. P1214. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.