Yuri Hanada, MD, Kenneth K. Wang, MD, FACG
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Introduction: Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage is traditionally managed with mechanical devices, thermal coagulation, or injection therapy. However, due to specific lesion characteristics, certain cases may not be easily or effectively managed by these methods, in which case either a novel therapy or repurposing of an existing technique could be considered. Here, we present a case of gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) addressed with cryotherapy.
Case Description/Methods: An 82 year old man with CAD s/p CABG, AS s/p AVR, symptomatic AVB s/p PPM, HTN, and BPH presented to his primary care provider Clinic with chronic, symptomatic, transfusion-dependent iron-deficiency anemia with a hemoglobin nadir of 6.7 g/dL from 12.2 g/dL four months prior. The patient also reported possible melena, though stool appearance was obscured by oral iron supplementation. He underwent diagnostic EGD, which identified severe GAVE with mild associated bleeding throughout the entire stomach. This was therapeutically managed with APC, but given the severity and diffuse nature of the GAVE (Fig. 1), the patient was referred for cryotherapy. Medically, the patient was recommended to initiate PPI therapy and continue iron supplementation. Three sessions occurring at 1 month intervals were completed, followed by one session 3 months out. By the third session, the patient no longer required transfusional support to maintain appropriate hemoglobin levels. On endoscopic follow-up 6 months out (one year from initial EGD), the GAVE had improved in severity (Fig. 2).
Discussion: The current treatment of GAVE primarily involves argon plasma coagulation, which is limited by its inability to treat large areas of mucosa in an efficient manner. However, data supporting the use of cryotherapy as a safe and effective treatment for GAVE are emerging. Patients with diffuse, extensive mucosal gastrointestinal lesions should be referred to a tertiary care center to assess cryotherapy candidacy.
Citation: Yuri Hanada, MD, Kenneth K. Wang, MD, FACG. P1501 - CRYOTHERAPY FOR MANAGEMENT OF TRANSFUSION-DEPENDENT GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE SECONDARY TO GASTRIC ANTRAL VASCULAR ECTASIA. Program No. P1501. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.