Namisha Thapa, DO, Michael Loudin, MD, Kaveh Sharzehi, MD, MS, Silvio De Melo, MD, FACG, Brintha Enestvedt, MD
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR
Introduction: Intestinal perforation is a rare complication of plastic biliary stents which exclusively occurs in the setting of preceding stent migration. We present the first case series to our knowledge of four patients with intestinal perforation from non-migrated in-situ plastic biliary stents.
Case Description/Methods: 1: A 65-year-old-woman with biliary stent placement for cholangiocarcinoma-related obstruction presented with acute right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain. She had tachycardia, RUQ tenderness, and elevated liver function tests (LFT). CT scan showed duodenal perforation, and on ERCP a stent was seen perforating through the opposite duodenal wall. Prior straight 10Frx12cm plastic stent was exchanged for a similar stent with a full external pigtail and a ½ internal pigtail. Over the scope clip was used to close the defect.
2: A 69-year-old-man with biliary stent placement for malignancy-related biliary stricture presented with acute RUQ pain. He had tachycardia, RUQ tenderness, and leukocytosis. CT scan showed duodenal perforation from distal tip of biliary stent with proximal aspect still in the common bile duct (CBD) though ERCP showed no obvious defect. Prior straight 10Frx10cm plastic stent was exchanged for a similar stent with a full external pigtail and a ¾ internal pigtail.
3: A 60-year-old man with metastatic colorectal carcinoma of the liver with hepatic arterial infusion pump associated biliary sclerosis and stent placement presented with acute RUQ pain. He had leukocytosis, RUQ tenderness, and an acute LFT elevation. ERCP showed biliary stent causing duodenal wall ulceration. Prior 10Fx12cm plastic stent was replaced with a similar stent with a full external pigtail and ¾ internal pigtail.
4: A 24-year-old man with NASH cirrhosis status post orthotopic liver transplant and stent placement for anastomotic biliary stricture presented with acute LFT elevation. On ERCP, three plastic biliary stents were seen penetrating duodenal wall with proximal tips in place. Prior straight 10Frx12cm plastic stents were replaced with similar stents with full external pigtail and a ¾ internal pigtail. An over the scope clip was used to close duodenal defect.
Discussion: Complication by in-situ plastic biliary stents may be decreased with full external pigtail stents. Stent exchange was successful in all cases, except case 4. This may have been due to the benign etiology of obstruction compared to malignant etiologies for others. An over the scope clip may be used successfully to close duodenal defect.
Citation: Namisha Thapa, DO, Michael Loudin, MD, Kaveh Sharzehi, MD, MS, Silvio De Melo, MD, FACG, Brintha Enestvedt, MD. P1493 - IN SITU PLASTIC BILIARY STENTS CAUSING INTESTINAL PERFORATION: A CASE SERIES. Program No. P1493. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.