Osman Ali, MD1, Imran Khan, BS1, Raymond E. Kim, MD2
1University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; 2University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
Introduction: A variety of techniques are currently being investigated to provide optimal resection of submucosal tumors by endoscopy. Specifically, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a form of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic procedure which was originally established as a minimally invasive technique to treat achalasia and esophageal motility disorders. Due to its success in treatment of esophageal motility disorders, certain Centers of Excellence for advanced endoscopy have expanded the use of POEM in combination with other advanced endoscopic techniques for treating esophageal cancers. In this case, we present a 69-year-old male with squamous cell cancer (SCC) in the lower third of the esophagus who was successfully treated using combined endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), submucosal tunneling, and POEM techniques.
Case Description/Methods: A 69-year-old male with a medical history of 50-pack-year tobacco abuse, chronic alcohol use,and chronic pancreatitis was initially evaluated with EGD and EUS for anorexia, weight loss, and pancreatic cysts. Initial EGD required biopsies of nodular esophageal mucosa revealing underlying squamous cell carcinoma in situ. Repeat endoscopy 2 months later revealed a large tumor circumferentially involving 80% of the lumen in the lower esophagus. Subsequently, the patient received therapeutic intervention combining ESD and POEM techniques for tumor resection, prognostication, and symptom relief. Lesion borders were marked, and a circumferential incision was made around the lesion lifting it from the muscularis propria allowing for successfully mass excision. The submucosal dissection combined with circumferential tunneling technique allowed for complete resection of the tumor. The patient reported post-procedure symptomatic relief and was able to resume oral intake.
Discussion: POEM is a combination of the pre-existing endoscopic myotomy procedures in conjunction with endoscopic submucosal tunneling techniques. Although POEM is labor intensive, its application gives precision by granting access to the neoplasms without affecting deeper esophageal layers. This promising advance in gastrointestinal procedures compared to esophagectomy has shown in reported studies to offer a lower morbidity rate while providing similar cancer-free survival. Our case demonstrates successful treatment using POEM and adjunct endoscopic therapies in submucosal tunneling and submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) in the treatment of large circumferential esophageal cancer.
Citation: Osman Ali, MD; Imran Khan, BS; Raymond E. Kim, MD. P1485 - COMBINED NOVEL ENDOSCOPIC TECHNIQUES IN ESOPHAGEAL CARCINOMA MANAGEMENT. Program No. P1485. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.