Category: Brain Injury; Clinical Practice (assessment, diagnosis, treatment, knowledge translation/EBP, implementation science, program development)
Objective : To investigate self-reported acute and chronic cognitive-linguistic and emotional impairments in survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) at-risk for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and investigate the relationship between self-reported emotional and cognitive-linguistic impairments.
This study was part of a larger investigation using data from an electronic survey.
The general community.
Participants (or Animals, Specimens, Cadavers) : A convenience sample was recruited using the following inclusion criteria: at least 21 years of age; formerly abused by an intimate partner; free of any abusive relationship for at least two years; and able to complete the electronic survey written in the English. 130 individuals met inclusion criteria and 64 participants met criteria for at-risk.
Interventions : Interventions: Not applicable
Main Outcome Measure(s) : Data was analyzed to determine the percent of at-risk participants with at least one subjective cognitive-linguistic impairment (such as problems concentrating) and/or emotional consequence (such as irritability) in the acute and chronic periods following IPV. Given this study was based on data collected from a previous study, it does not emphasize the initial outcomes and the hypothesis was formulated after data collection.
Analysis of self-reported acute deficits for survivors of IPV at-risk for mTBI yielded the following: 77% reported cognitive-linguistic impairments and 92% reported emotional consequences. Analysis of chronic self-reported deficits yielded the following: 63% reported cognitive-linguistic impairments and 75% reported emotional consequences. 77% of at-risk participants reported at least one acute and 63% reported at least one persistent cognitive-linguistic impairment and emotional symptom.
Years after the initial event, half of the individuals at-risk for mTBI continue to experience cognitive-linguistic and/or emotional consequences. Cognitive-linguistic and emotional symptoms, potential quality of life implications, and future direction for IPV related mTBI research will be discussed.
Brooke Holt– Doctoral Student, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Kernersville, North Carolina
Kristine Lundgren– Professor, Department Chair, and Director of Graduate Study, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina
Allison Crowe– Associate Professor & Counselor Education Program Coordinator, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina
Christine Murray– Professor, Unviersity of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina
Gwen Hunnicutt– Associate Professor, Unviersity of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina
Loreen Olson– Professor, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina
Reva Klein– Neurologist, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts