Topical Area: Aging and Chronic Disease
Indicator of Amino Acid Oxidation (IAAO) method is a state-of-art method to determine protein requirement. A recent review summarized the estimated average requirement (EAR) derived from IAAO plus two standard deviations as around 1.15-1.29g/Kg body weight (BW) for elderlies. However, emerging evidence shows that providing protein beyond nitrogen balance point (as high as 1.5 g/Kg BW) to frail or pre-frail elderlies seems to provide additional benefit on muscle mass and performance, compared to 1.2 g/Kg BW. It is not clear whether community-dwelling elders require higher than 1.2-1.3 g/Kg BW to maintain adequate muscle mass and quality. This study intends to derive dietary protein Adequate Intake (AI) from a group of representative community-dwelling non-frail elderlies in Taiwan.
Methods : Using the 24-hour recall data of 1430 elderly adults (65y) from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan, 2014-2016, protein intake by age groups (65-69; 70-79; 80+) and by frailty levels (robust; pre-frail; frail) in both genders was estimated. Frailty phenotypes were determined using Linda Fried criteria. SUDAAN was used for statistical analysis.
Mean levels of protein intake were 1.2, 1.4, and 1.3 g per Kg body weight (BW) per day (d) for men aged 65-69, 70-79, and 80+; and 1.2, 1.3, and 0.9 g/Kg BW/d for women at the same age groups. The mean protein intakes were 1.4, 1.3, and 1.2 g/kg BW/d for elderly men at robust, pre-frail, and frail states, respectively; and they were 1.3, 1.2, and 1.0 for women. The median were 1.3, 1.2, and 1.1 for men and 1.3, 1.1, and 1.1 for women.
Conclusions : Adequate intake of the community-dwelling elderly Taiwanese men and women is estimated around 1.3 g/Kg BW/d, taking into consideration the frailty issue. This information may be considered complementary to IAAO data in establishing protein requirement.
Funding Sources : Health Promotion Agency; International Life Science Institutes; Academia Sinica