Topical Area: Aging and Chronic Disease
Four different cacao extract samples were examined to identify their anti-oxidative activities; raw cacao powder extracted in 70% methanol solution(RM), raw cacao powder extracted in 80% ethanol solution(RE), freeze dried cacao powder extracted in 70% methanol solution(FM), freeze dried cacao powder extracted in 80% ethanol solution(FE). Total phenolic compound content was calculated based on gallic acid standard curve and total flavonoid content was calculated based on the standard curve of quercetin. ABTS scavenging activity was experimented with ABTS reagent diluted by PBS(pH7.4) to make the O.D. value 0.7±0.02 at 734nm before using 2.5mM ABTS. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was assessed by 1mM DPPH methanol solution.
The results show that different extract solvents and sample preparation methods affect DPPH radical scavenging activity, total phenol and flavonoid contents of cacao powder extracts. Therefore, appropriate methods should be applied according to the purpose of the study.
Funding Sources :
Department of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women`s University, Republic of Korea