Topical Area: Climate/Environment, Health, Agriculture and Improved Nutrition
The main aim of this study is to determine the physiochemical properties and nutritional composition of by-product of Bengal gram and to develop value added products, incorporating by-products of cereals and pulses in combination. Further in this study popularization of such acceptable product and transfer of the technology regarding their preparation and utilization is also regarded to be beneficial.
For the nutritional evaluation of raw ingredients, physio-chemical property and nutrient composition were checked by AOAC methods. Standardization and development of some basic value added products were also done. Functional properties and nutritional composition of developed value added products were equally checked by shelf life evaluation to choose the most acceptable consumable food products. New products were made using fermentation, supplementation and combination.
We found that most of the by-products are rich in protein, calcium, iron and fiber. We observed that Bengal gram husk contain highest amount of crude fiber i.e., 40%. However, it also contains ash (4.2%), dietary fiber (82 g/ 100 gm), insoluble dietary fiber (76 g/ 100 gm) and total calcium (984 mg/ 100gm). In case of broken rice we have observed low amount of trypsin inhibitor activity (16.35 TIU/ mg) and high amount of starch (75 g/ 100gm). In addition, we have observed anti-nutritional factors significantly in higher amounts in case of broken rice. Additionally, wheat bran was found to contain high amount of total phosphorus (988 mg/100gm), soluble dietary fiber (10 g/100gm) , total calcium ( 71 mg/ 100 mg) and Trypsin inhibitor activity ( 55 TIU/ mg) . Combining these by-products various products were prepared using various processing techniques like fermentation, supplementation and combination. We found that newly prepared value added products have high amount of proteins, dietary fiber, available minerals, in vitro protein digestibility and higher antioxidant activity.
We suggest that novel formulated food products can be utilized as an unconventional source of nutrients and therapeutic weapon to combat diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Utilization of such agro wastes as food products will also be useful to combat hunger, food demand and malnourished state leading to maintenance of food security.
Funding Sources :
Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
Central University of Haryana