Topical Area: Diet and Cancer, Nutrition Translation
Objectives : To identify the nutritional profile of adult and elderly patients with colorectal cancer admitted to a Proctology ward for large elective surgeries.
Methods : A cross-sectional and retrospective study was performed with 31 patients of both genders, aged 39 to 77 years with colorectal cancer. The nutritional screening parameters used were the percentage of weight loss and Nutrition Risck Screening (NRS 2002). The data (percentage of weight loss and NRS 2002) were collected through a nutritional assessment form completed in the care routine, applied within 72 hours after the patient's hospitalization.
Results : The study included 13 adults (41.9%) and 18 elderly (58.1%). The evaluation of the percentage of weight loss showed that 7 patients (22.5%) had weight loss greater than 15% in a period of less than or equal to 6 months. In the nutritional risk assessment based on the NRS 2002, we observed that 9 patients (29%) scored 2, while 22 patients (71%) achieved a score equal to or greater than 3.
The nutritional profile of the evaluated patients showed a considerable prevalence of malnutrition, considering a weight loss of more than 15% in a period of 6 months, which is associated to a decrease in survival in patients with cancer, and is a very relevant data to help in the classification of nutritional status. The classification by the NRS 2002, showed a high prevalence of patients at nutritional or malnourished risk. Variation in the classification of nutritional status using several parameters reinforces the need for them to be used in a complementary way.
Funding Sources : Hospital Federal dos Servidores do Estado, Ministerio da Saude.