Topical Area: Global Nutrition, Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition
Objectives : The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and patterns of individual and household level factors on stunting among two groups of under five children in Ethiopia.
Methods : The study employed a quantitative cross-sectional design based on a nationally representative data. It included 4199 young children (age 0 – 24 months) and 5497 children (age 25 – 59 months), giving a total of 9696 children.
Results : Prevalence of stunting was 29% among the younger age group (age 0 – 24 months) and 47% among the older group (age 25 – 59 months). Being female, intake of multiple micronutrients, households having piped source of drinking water, high maternal Body Mass Index (BMI), household non-monetary wealth, and maternal education were associated with decreased likelihood of stunting in both groups. On the other hand, children who were anemic, small birth weight, drank from bottle, and children of stunted and working mother resulted in higher likelihood of stunting in both groups (p< 0.05). While most predictors and/or risk factors of stunting followed similar pattern across the two groups, child factors had higher leverage in the younger than the older groups.
Multiple set of factors predicted childhood stunting among the young and older children in Ethiopia. The study underscores the importance of intervening in the first 1000 days through promoting maternal education, maternal-child health services, mother’s nutrition, and improving the intra household food distribution and good eating habits.
Funding Sources : No source of funding