Topical Area: Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition
Objectives : To describe the change of children under 5 years old that are stunted, wasted or overweight without overlapping status in China during 2000-2010.
Methods : Data from 2000, 2005, and 2010 were sourced from the National Food and Nutrition Surveillance System. About 16 000 children under 5 years old were selected using a stratified random cluster method from 40 surveillance sites. Anthropometric measurements for children under 5 were conducted. Nutritional status was determined according to WHO child growth standards (2006).Stunting, wasting and overweight is defined as HAZ< -2 SD, WHZ< -2 SD and WHZ >+2SD respectively.
Results : The prevalence of wasting only remained less than 3%( 2.05%, 2.55%, and 2.03%); the prevalence of stunting only declined from 18.70% in 2000 to 8.77% in 2010; the prevalence of overweight only increased from 2.56% in 2000 to 5.62% in 2010; the prevalence of stunting, wasting or overweight declined from 24.55% in 2000 to 17.60% in 2010; the same trends were found in urban and rural areas during 2000-2010.
Conclusions : The prevalence of stunting is decreasing, and childhood overweight has increased dramatically in China that need for effective interventions.
Funding Sources : Unicef China Office;Ministry of Science and Technology, Special survey of basic science and technology resources 2017FY101107