Topical Area: Energy and Macronutrient Metabolism, Obesity
Objectives : Evaluate the association of dietary patterns in bank employees with the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), considering sociodemographic and behavioral factors as well as laboratory tests.
Methods : This was a cross-sectional study of 515 bankers in Brazil. Sociodemographic, occupational, behavioral, and food consumption data were collected. Dietary patterns were determined by principal component analysis with orthogonal varimax rotation.
The dietary pattern of vegetables, fruits, cereals, and tubers was correlated with the presence of MetS and with waist circumference (WC) measurements and triglyceride (TG) levels. Individuals who adhered less well this pattern had a higher WC (93±17 cm in the first quintile vs 87±19 cm in the fifth quintile, P=0.001; and 93±17 cm in the first quintile vs 84±18 cm in the third quintile, P=0.019), as well as a higher level of blood TG (121±71 mg/dL in the first quintile vs 111±72 mg/dL in the fifth quintile, P=0.003).
Individuals in the third and fifth quintiles of the pattern “vegetables, fruits, cereals, and tubers” presented with 3.28 and 2.24 times less chances of MetS when compared to individuals in the first quintile of this dietary pattern (OR 0.30, 95% CI 0.13–0.67, and OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.21–0.92, respectively). Subjects over 45 years of age were almost twice as likely to develop MetS (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.01–3.77).
Conclusions : Healthy eating represented by the dietary pattern “vegetables, fruits, cereals, and tubers” was associated with better health among bank employees, especially when evaluating competing metabolic complications such as MetS.
Funding Sources : Foundation for Support to Research and Innovation of Espírito Santo (FAPES).