Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition, Aging and Chronic Disease, Obesity
Objectives : The aim of this study was to determine the effects on the nutritional status of the migrant Puruhá indigenous by changing their food pattern.
Methods : A cross-sectional descriptive study on the dietary habits and nutritional status. By means of convenience sampling, 230 indigenous persons were selected, 108 male and 122 female, with age over 18 years.The nutritional status was calculated using the body mass index (BMI), according to the classification of the World Health Organization. With a SECA 216 mechanical stadiometer, the height of the participant. The weigth was measured on a SECA scale with an accuracy of 0.1 Kg. To determine abdominal obesity, its presence was considered if the waist circumference was greater than 90 cm in men and greater than 80 cm in women, according to the International Diabetes Federation. For the determination of food consumption, the frequency of consumption form was applied by food groups. For the statistical analysis, the data were tabulated and expressed in absolute frequencies, percentages and measures of descriptive statistics of central tendency and dispersion. The Chi square statistic was used, to determine the difference of data, with a level of significance of 5%, it was considered as statistically significant if the p value was < 0.05. The results were exposed in tables and graphs using the Microsoft office excel program of Windows 10.
Results : The average age of the population was 46.85 + 23.99. The average body mass index was 25.56 + 3.10, and the distribution of the nutritional status was: 1% for underweigth, 47% overweigth, 16% obesity and 36% normal.This distribution according to gender , did not have a significant difference. The first three food groups of the population, consumes per day, and of the which obtain the highest caloric intake, were: sugary drinks and soda (male sex 350+ 7 ml; female sex 322 + 8 ml), bread and cereal ( male sex 285 + 3 g; female sex 220 + 7 g), and fruits and vegetables ( male sex 210+ 6 g; female sex 195 + 5 g).A higher percentage of overweight and obesity was found in indigenous migrants, in relation to non-migrants, a difference that was significant (p:0.003).
Conclusions : The population has a high frequency of overweight and obesity. In addition the high incidence of abdominal obesity, found places them at risk for the development of diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular.
Funding Sources : Not applicable
Medico Cirujano / Master in Nutrition / Master en Salud Publica
Escuela de Obstetricia de la Facultad de Medicina / Hospital General del Guasmo
doctora en Medicina y Cirugía/ Master Internacional en nutricion y dietetica/ Postgraduada ciencias
Faculty of Medicin University of guayaquil/ Hospital Universitario MSP
doctora en Medicina y Cirugía/ Especializada en Nutricion
Maternidad Mariana de Jesus
Medico Residente de Medicina Interna y Nefrologia Hospital Abel Gilber Ponton
Ministerio Salud Publica
Master en Nutricion Clinica
Universidad técnica de Babahoyo
Doctora en medicina y Cirugía y Master en Nutricion
Instituto Ecuatoriano Seguridad Social