Topical Area: Global Nutrition
Diabetes is a chronic health problem, of public health concerned with preventable consequences, affecting people of all ages, race and ethnicity not only in Nigeria, but all over the world.
Prevalence of hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, overweight and obesity among diabetic adults (19 - 64 years) in Owerri municipality, Imo state, Nigeria.
Methods : A cross sectional study design was employed. Three hundred (300) diabetic adults whom have been screened previously and diagnosed as diabetic were randomly selected from three hospitals in Owerri municipal council, Imo state, Nigeria and whose consent were obtained to participate in the study. Biochemical test such as fasting and random blood glucose screening, blood pressure measurement and anthropometric measurement were taken and a structured and validated questionnaire was administered to the subjects to obtain data. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using statistical product for service solution (SPSS) version 22.
Results : Result: Results show that more than half (60.7%) of the diabetic adults aged 36 to 55 years, 54.5% were male, 45.7% were females. Majority (91.7%) of the diabetic adults had hyperglycemia, 92.0% had high blood pressure, 41.5% had overweight and 27.1% were obese. Prevalence of hyperglycemia increased exponentially with increase in age of diabetic adults (X2 =12.603; P=0.050) and significantly (X2 =45.975; P< 0.001) increased among overweight and obese diabetic adults. There were significant association between increased in age of adult diabetic with high prevalence of overweight and obesity (X2 =20.564; P=0.015) and increased in high blood pressure (X2 =26.747; P=0.002).
Conclusions : In conclusion this study shows high prevalence of hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, overweight/obesity among diabetic adults. There were significant association between increased in age (middle to older adults), overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia and high blood pressure of diabetic adults in the study area.
Funding Sources : Self funded by the author