Topical Area: Medical Nutrition, Nutrition Translation
Objectives : Emotional distress can trigger maladaptive coping strategies, such as eating to suppress negative emotions, and this in turn, can lead to weight gain. This study reviews the literature for factors (personal, familial, or environmental) that help individuals maintain healthy weight in obesogenic environments.
Methods : We conducted a narrative review, in both adults and children, of resiliency strategies. A PubMed search was conducted using the term “resil* AND obesity” (as well as “resiliency AND obesity,” and “resilience AND obesity”). 47 articles that were relevant to the objectives of this study had their full-text reviewed. The eight which described types of resiliency were included in this study.
Results : Personal resilience strategies include ‘shift-and-persist’ mindsets which help individuals reframe stressors more positively while at the same time maintaining an optimistic outlook about the future. 'Shift' consists of cognitive restructuring, positive thinking, and emotion regulation. 'Persist' consists of optimism and purpose. Resilient families with a strong sense of coherence and regular family meals together also helped individuals maintain healthy weight.
Conclusions : Resiliency training and family meals may be strategies worth exploring for the prevention and/or intervention against obesity.
Funding Sources : None