Topical Area: Dietary Bioactive Components
Objectives : Patchouli alcohol is a sesquiterpene alcohol found in Pogostemon cablin. Recently, we observed that patchouli alcohol reduced lipid accumulation in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and increased glucose uptake in differentiated C2C12 myocytes. This study was designed to investigate anti-obese and anti-diabetic activities of patchouli alcohol using high fat diet-induced obese mouse model.
Forty eight 5-week old C57BL/6J male mice were assigned into four groups and fed with 1) normal diet (control), 2) high fat diet, 3) high fat diet with gavaging 25 mg of patchouli alcohol/kg body weight and 4) high fat diet with gavaging 50 mg of patchouli alcohol/kg body weight. High fat diet or control diets were provided to each treatment group for four weeks and then different doses of patchouli alcohol (0, 25 or 50 mg/kg body weight) was orally administered for following 8 weeks with the diet. At age of week 17, all animals were sacrificed, fat tissues were collected, and tissue weight was measured. In addition, twenty C57BL/6J male mice were assigned into the same treatment groups above. At the end of the 8 weeks (age of week 17), the mice were fasted for 12 h and the oral glucose tolerance test was performed after intraperitoneal injection of 2 g of anhydrous glucose/kg body weight. The blood was collected from tail at 0, 15, 30, 90 and 120 min after injection and blood glucose level was analyzed using glucose meter.
Treatment of patchouli alcohol (50 mg/kg body weight) significantly reduced body weight and accumulation of body fat pads which was highly induced by feeding of high fat diet. An analysis of individual fat pad weights (expressed as mg weight of fat pad/g body weight) revealed a significant decrease of epididymal and retroperitoneal fat pad in patchouli alcohol-treated mice whereas brown adipose tissue were not significantly altered. And, slightly improved glucose tolerance was observed at 90 and 120 minutes after glucose injection in mice treated with patchouli alcohol (50 mg/kg body weight) compared to those fed with high fat diet alone.
Conclusions : We propose a potential use of patchouli alcohol as an anti-obesity compound in obese population.
Funding Sources :
NIFA Hatch grant