Topical Area: Dietary Bioactive Components
Aging, as well as inadequate intake of vitamins and minerals, can negatively affect the growth, strength, and appearance of hair and nails. For instance, biotin deficiency leads to brittle nails and hair loss. Moreover, certain nutrients, such as arginine and silicon, promote the biological conditions needed for optimal hair and nail growth. JDS-ASB is a novel combination of inositol-stabilized arginine silicate complex (ASI), a highly bioavailable form of arginine and silicon, and magnesium biotinate (MgB), a novel, well-absorbed biotin salt. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of JDS-ASB on hair and nail growth in rats.
Twenty-one female Sprague-Dawley rats (8-weeks old) were randomized into one of the following groups; 1: Control (no treatment), 2: ASI + Low Dose MgB (140 mg human equivalent dose (HED) of ASI and 1.5 mg HED of MgB), 3: ASI + High Dose MgB (140 mg HED of ASI and 10 mg HED of MgB). Study product was dosed daily by oral gavage for six weeks. Rat diets included egg whites to standardize absorbable biotin levels. At baseline, hair was shaved from the dorsal area of the rats and hair growth was assessed on days 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42. Hair growth measurements included hair density (per square cm), and percentage of hair follicles in the anagen (growing phase) and telogen (resting phase) phases of the hair cycle. Mean nail growth was measured on days 14, 28, and 42. Blood samples were collected on day 42.
Results : Visual observations revealed greater hair growth in both treatment groups compared to control, however the effect was more pronounced in group 3. Compared to control, the percentage of hair follicles in the anagen phase was significantly greater in group 3 from day 14 onward (Figure 1). Compared to control, hair density was significantly greater in group 3 from day 21 onward. These parameters improved in group 2 compared to control on day 42. Blood levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, a protein associated with hair growth, were higher in both treatment groups compared to control, with levels greatest in group 3 (p< 0.05). Mean nail growth data showed faster daily growth in group 3 compared to other groups (p< 0.05).
The results of this study demonstrate that the combination of an arginine silicate complex and magnesium biotinate promotes hair and nail growth.
Funding Sources :
This study was funded by JDS Therapeutics, LLC.
Sara Perez Ojalvo