Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Objectives : The significance and objective of this study is to (1) investigate the influence current health concerns have on lifestyle choices using self-reporting assessment surveys, and (2) determine the correlation and/or impact between the stated variables on overall health status of college-age students.
Methods : A Health Behavior Study was conducted by the office of Healthy Campus 2020(R) (HC2020(R)), a campus-wide comprehensive wellness intervention program. IRB approved surveys were disseminated to students, (N=59), to investigate student's health status, health behavior, possible changes in health status after one-year exposure to HC2020(R) principles, and relationships between health variables and behavior. Coded responses were obtained and analyzed.
Results : Descriptive analysis and correlation coefficient are used to analyze data responses. Among 14 significant ongoing health concerns listed as options, diabetes ranked highest as a health concern at 34%. Heart disease & stroke (29%), asthma and/or lung disease (24%), and both cancer and obesity at 20% followed, respectively. Consequently, 64% of students indicated they engaged in exercise or physical activity daily, emphasizing their awareness of the importance of physical activity and living a healthy lifestyle.
Conclusions : Results indicate health concerns among college-age students conducting self-reporting assessment surveys may influence positive lifestyle choices. Seventy-eight percent (%) of students who participated in the study, ages 17-20, reported at least 4 of the same concerns of the CDC's top 10 public health problems and leading cause of death in the US.
Funding Sources : Funding sources for the research conducted through the office of HC2020(R) at Oakwood University was provided by The Department of Education, Title III.