Topical Area: Dietary Bioactive Components
Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, plays an important role in the metabolization of nutrients into energy. Magnesium biotinate (MgB) is a novel biotin compound that has been shown to be 40 times more soluble than D-Biotin. Preclinical evidence has shown that MgB is well absorbed into the bloodstream and tissues, particularly the brain, over time. The following pharmacokinetic study was carried out to further explore the absorption and bioavailability of MgB.
In an open-label clinical study, 30 healthy female subjects (18-45 years, BMI 18.0-29.9 kg/m2) were randomized to receive a single oral capsule containing one of the following doses of MgB (n=10 per group): 1) 10 mg MgB, 2) 40 mg MgB, 3) 100 mg MgB. Serial blood samples were collected in K2-EDTA tubes at pre-dose (within 1 hour of dose) and at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 3.0 and 6.0 hours post-dose. Plasma samples were analyzed for biotin by LC/MS/MS. Pharmacokinetic data were calculated for each dose group.
Study results showed that plasma biotin levels increased at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 3.0 and 6.0 hours post-dose for all groups. However, the largest biotin increase was seen in the 100 mg group (Figure 1). Peak plasma concentrations were observed as follows: 84.8 ng/mL 1 hour after a 10 mg dose, 214.6 ng/mL 1.5 hours after a 40 mg dose, and 508.5 ng/mL 1.5 hours after a 100 mg dose. Area under the curve values increased with increasing biotin dose level (10 mg: 210.0 ng*h/mL; 40 mg: 605.1 ng*h/mL; 100 mg: 1652.4 ng*h/mL). No adverse effects were observed.
Results from this single-dose pharmacokinetic clinical study demonstrate that magnesium biotinate is a bioavailable form of biotin, with increasing blood levels associated with increasing dose levels.
Funding Sources :
This study was funded by JDS Therapeutics, LLC.