Topical Area: Medical Nutrition
Objectives : To evaluate the influence of nutritional status on admission, according to the anthropometric indicator (Body Mass Index- BMI), serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin on length of hospital stay (LHS) and time of mechanical ventilation (MV) in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in a Oncological Treatment Center.
Methods : It is a longitudinal retrospective study with all children admitted to the PICU in 2013. The comparison of medians related to LHS and VM was assessed using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis test. The Kaplan-Meier curve evaluated the influence of body mass index (BMI), CRP and albumin on LHS and VM. The significance value was p < 0.05.
Results : A total of 54 patients were selected, median age of 8.02 (2.35-12.79) years. Solid tumors were the most common (92.6%; n = 50), and the most frequent causes of hospitalization in the PICU were respiratory failure (26.4%; n = 14) and sepsis (24.5%; n = 13). The median LHS was 11 (6-18) days and MV median was 11 (6-16.86) days. The frequency of BMI above and below the adequate level was 23.5% (n = 12) and 29.4% (n = 15), respectively.
BMI and CRP used for nutritional assessment were not associated with clinical outcomes LHS and MV in PICU.
Funding Sources : No funding sources