New insights into vitamin functions have come from experimental and preclinical studies as well as from new prospective cohorts, metabolic studies, and clinical trials. These data have provided impetus to evaluate this evidence and translate it into public health policies or nutritional guidelines. Data on dietary intake and status of vitamins E and C range from marked deficiency to adequacy across the globe and inadequate intakes are being reported even in developed countries. Biologically plausible evidence for novel mechanisms of action for these vitamins will be discussed. The global burdens of deficiency and therapeutic and preventive potential support the consideration of optimal doses, especially for attenuating specific health conditions, and reducing the incidence of both chronic and infectious diseases. Some countries have acted and adopted intake recommendations to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, but new evidence suggests wider implications.
Breakfast will be available for sponsored satellite program attendees on a first-come, first-serve basis.