Nutrition Education and Behavioral Sciences
Objectives : To measure acceptance of recipes taught and demonstrated through the University of Georgia Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) nutrition education curricula through sensory evaluation.
Methods : Sensory evaluation was conducted on seven newly developed recipes through the SNAP-Ed Food Talk: Farmer’s Market curriculum and sixteen existing recipes through the EFNEP Food Talk curriculum. To evaluate acceptance of the recipes, SNAP-Ed and EFNEP program participants were provided with a nine-point hedonic scale with 1 being ‘dislike extremely’ and 9 being ‘like extremely.’ Program participants were asked to rate for overall liking (OL) of the recipe and liking of additional sensory attributes, including appearance, flavor, texture, saltiness, and sweetness. Recipes were prepared following standardized instructions for consistency of preparation and portion size.
Results : A total of 1,438 SNAP-Ed and EFNEP participants (78% female, 66% African American) evaluated 7 newly developed recipes (n=563) and 16 existing recipes (n=872). The Curly Noodle Supreme (OL = 6.11, flavor = 5.58, texture = 6.56) and Cheesy Broccoli Soup (OL = 6.63, flavor = 6.51, texture – 6.64) had the lowest ratings from the 16 existing recipes. The Chicken Chili with White Beans (OL = 7.34, flavor = 7.11, texture = 7.31) and Vegetarian Tacos (OL = 7.28, flavor = 7.04, texture = 7.15) had the highest ratings from the 7 newly developed recipes. With standard range of acceptability for a recipe being 7.0 and higher in sensory evaluation, these ratings provide justification for the addition of newly developed recipes and modification or replacement of existing recipes into the SNAP-Ed and EFNEP nutrition education curricula.
Conclusions : The study findings suggest that sensory evaluation has the potential to contribute to the development, testing, and modification of recipes that are more responsive to the unique sensory preferences of low-income populations for nutrition education programs.
Funding Sources :
USDA SNAP-Ed, USDA EFNEP