Presentation Authors: Alan Paniagua Cruz*, Chandy Ellimoottil, Casey Dauw, Ted Skolarus, Ann Arbor, MI
Introduction: The prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and its associated disability ranging from quality of life impairments to hospitalization, has spurred decades of research into its pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. For these reasons, we conducted a study to characterize the current landscape of BPH literature, including the most commonly cited articles impacting the field.
Methods: We used the Web of ScienceTM database to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the top 100 leading BPH articles. Bibliometric analyses are quantitative approaches examining the impact of academic literature. We used the following search terms: â€˜benign prostatic hyperplasiaâ€™ and â€˜benign prostatic enlargement.â€™ We identified and characterized the 100 most-cited BPH articles including their citations, journal, author, year, and country through September 2018.
Results: The top 100 articles were published between 1978 and 2012. Citation number ranged from 143 to 2,158 across 26 different journals, including 9 urology-specific journals. The Journal of Urology (5-year impact factor: 4.91) was the most published journal with 26 articles, followed by European Urology (5-year impact factor: 15.66) with 16, and Urology (5-year impact factor: 2.39) with 13. The oldest 10 articles in the top 100 mainly focused on BPH etiology/pathogenesis, while the newest 10 articles mainly focused on medical treatment. The 1990â€™s was the most productive decade accounting for nearly half of the top 100 articles (n=46). Eight authors had two or more first author publications, and 8 institutions had five or more publications in the top 100. Thirteen different countries were represented, with the US (n= 64), Italy (n=7), and Germany (n=5) being the most common. The articles were in the following Web of Science Categories: Urology & Nephrology (n=68), Medicine, General & Internal (n=15), and Endocrinology & Metabolism (n=7).
Conclusions: This represents the first bibliometric analysis of the leading 100 BPH articles impacting the academic literature. The literature focus has evolved from BPH pathogenesis/etiology to treatment, and was primarily published in 3 specialty journals. Our findings highlight the most impactful BPH literature, and may be used to guide research and funding priorities for this increasingly common condition.