Presentation Authors: William Fordyce, Brian Birch*, Southampton, United Kingdom
Introduction: Smoking is the greatest cause of preventable death worldwide. It is an established cause of bladder cancer (BC), renal cancer (RC) and erectile dysfunction (ED). 89% of smokers, start before the age of 18. So children and teenagers need to know the risks of smoking to inï¬‚uence them not to smoke._x000D_
The aim of this study was to assess teenagers (16-18 years) knowledge of the risks of urological disease in smokers, in order to inform health promotion and aid reductions in tobacco use.
Methods: Sixth-form students (n=1009) were surveyed with face to face anonymised questionnaires. Data included demographics, smoking characteristics and knowledge of association of 23 diseases with smoking. _x000D_
The rate of correct responses that smoking causes BC, RC and ED was compared to the other non-urological diseases using one-sample t tests. Chi-square tests were used to determine whether participant characteristics aï¬€ected their knowledge of urological disease causation.
Results: Participant characteristicsAge range (fig 1)56% female15% smokers42% had tries a cigarette21% had tried an e-cigarette_x000D_
Knowledge of association of diseases with smokingA significantly higher proportion of the population knew that smoking causes non-urological diseases than knew that smoking causes urological diseases.Lung cancer: 98.2% (95% CI 97.4%, 99.0%)Renal cancer: 42.2% (95% CI 39.2%, 45.3%)Erectile dysfunction: 36.3% (95% CI 33.3%, 39.3%)Bladder cancer: 27.7% (95% CI 24.9%, 30.1%)
Conclusions: Many adolescents lack knowledge about the links between smoking and urological disease. Public health efforts need to be targeted at young people to try to prevent them from smoking._x000D_
However, influencing adolescents requires more than education to acquire knowledge. Consideration needs to be given to the application of Grenny&[prime]s model (fig 2) to increase the chance of reduction in smoking.