I1. Adult Vaccines
Oral Abstract Submission
C. Mary Healy, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Disclosure: National Foundation of Infectious Diseases: Honorarium for presentation, Other Financial or Material Support
UP to Date: Author and Reviewer, Other Financial or Material Support
Background : Maternal immunization with tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in the third trimester reduces infant pertussis, but data are lacking on how this strategy impacts pertussis antibody levels in large cohorts of preterm infants
Methods : We collected paired maternal delivery-cord sera from infants of women who received Tdap ≥7 days before birth. IgG to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), fimbrial proteins (FIM) and pertactin (PRN) was quantified by luminex assay (IU/ml). Geometric mean concentrations (GMC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for pertussis antibodies were calculated. Four infant groups were compared by weeks of gestation: very (<32), moderate (32-33) and late preterm (34-36), and term (≥37).
Results : 344 preterm and 688 term mother-infant pairs were included. Among preterm infants, mean maternal age was 31.2 years (range 15.1-39.3); 37% were white, 37% Hispanic, 17% Black, 8% Asian and 1% other. 56 were very preterm infants (16%, mean gestation 30.5 weeks), 82 moderate (24%, 33.1 weeks) and 206 late (60%, 35.4 weeks); 17 (5%) were born at <30 weeks. For preterm infants, Tdap was administered at a mean gestation of 29.9 weeks (very 27.9; moderate 29.7; late 30.4; [P < .001]), and at a mean interval of 29.3 days before delivery (very 17.9; moderate 24; late 34.5 [P <.001]). 11 (3%) women received Tdap during the second trimester (8 very, 2 moderate, 1 late). GMCs (95% CI) of pertussis-specific IgG at birth varied by gestation (Table). Infant antibody levels as a proportion of maternal antibodies increased from 24-32% in infants < 30 weeks to 117-132% in those ≥37 weeks (P<.001).
Conclusion : Although levels are lower than in term infants, maternal immunization with Tdap results in substantial pertussis-specific antibodies in most preterm infants, especially late preterm infants.