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Paper: Research Abstract

Evaluation of Literature Searching and Article Selection Skills of an Evidence Synthesis Program

Tuesday, May 7
2:05 PM - 2:20 PM
Room: Columbus AB (East Tower, Ballroom/Gold Level)

Objectives: A quality improvement project was initiated to evaluate literature search and article selection skills of a new librarian (less than 2 years’ experience), a mid-career librarian (more than 10 years’ experience), and a critical appraisal expert. This team works together to create Evidence Briefs by request for clinicians at an academic medical center.

Methods: Evidence Briefs include an evidence table with a summary of best evidence for a single clinical question and are used to update hospital policies and protocols. For this project, each librarian and the critical appraisal expert developed individual search strategies for 10 Evidence Brief requests. They then selected what they considered to be the most relevant articles to answer the clinical question. These articles were combined into one RefWorks folder and de-duplicated. The critical appraisal expert reviewed the RefWorks folder and determined, based on study design, directness and actionability, which articles to include in the Evidence Brief. Each individual’s search results and most relevant articles were assessed to determine the proportion included in the Evidence Brief. These proportions were ranked for each of the 10 Evidence Briefs to determine searching and selection capability for each individual and overall.

Results: The mid-career librarian’s search strategy captured the highest number of articles included in 6 of 10 Evidence Briefs, followed by the critical appraisal expert (3 of 10) and the new librarian (1 of 10). The search where the new librarian, also the pharmacy liaison, was most adept was a medication question. The critical appraisal expert identified the highest number of relevant articles included in 7 of 10 Evidence Briefs, followed by the mid-career librarian (4 of 10) and the new librarian (2 of 10). There were some Evidence Briefs where multiple individuals were equally ranked based on search strategy or article selection.

Conclusions: The mid-career librarian and critical appraisal expert identified the most citations selected for inclusion in Evidence Briefs overall. However, the critical appraisal expert was more accurate at selecting articles for inclusion in Evidence Briefs. This project may lead to changes in workflow, and offers opportunities to improve the literature searching skills of the new librarian and article selection skills of the experienced librarian.

Emily P. Jones, AHIP

Research and Education Informationist
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Emily Jones is a Research and Education Informationist at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) Libraries. Emily has been with MUSC since 2017 and she currently serves as the liaison to the College of Pharmacy.

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Emily Brennan

Research and Education Informationist
Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)
Charleston, South Carolina

Emily Brennan, MLIS, is a Research Informationist in the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) Library. She is the liaison to the College of Medicine students and faculty, as well as hospital nurses and residents. As a member of the hospital’s Value Institute, she provides literature reviews for hospital guidelines, evidence briefs, and clinical decision support tools.

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Amanda Davis

Sr. Evidence-Based Practice Analyst
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Amanda Davis, MPH, RD, CHES is a Sr. Evidence-based Practice Analyst with the Value Institute at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). She promotes evidence-based practice through the facilitation of hospital guidelines and evidence briefs, including critical appraisal of research using the GRADE criteria, development of evidence-based clinical decision support tools for transition into the electronic medical record (EMR), and interfacing with ERM build teams to bug test tools before their release. Amanda has 10 years of research experience and 13 years of clinical experience as a registered dietitian.

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