Innovation & Research Practice

Paper: Program Description Abstract

Transparency in Publishing: How to Best Inform the Journal Selection Process

Monday, May 6
2:05 PM - 2:20 PM
Room: Columbus GH (East Tower, Ballroom/Gold Level)

Background: The advent of open access publishing afforded unparalleled opportunities for increasing the accessibility of scientific research for public and academic community benefit. Yet, its exploitation led to alarmingly high rates of publishing behavior that disrupts the integrity of the scientific communication process. In absence of rigorous peer review and transparent publishing/editorial practices, the impact, visibility, and reproducibility of scientific research suffer. Experienced librarian and information science professionals are well-equipped to advise our communities on recognizing and avoiding deceptive techniques using well-established evaluation methodologies.

Description: Given the strategic role of academic publishing in the advancement of science, it is troublesome to see in the publishing industry an ever-increasing number of journals lacking the necessary transparency required of a rigorous and established scholarly communication process. Recognizing the surfacing of this problem, multiple publishing organizations, in the attempt to guarantee the value and trustworthiness of published scientific data, developed resources/checklists to aid authors in evaluating journals’ adherence to publication best-practices. Using a semi-automated process, the Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) Knowledge Management (KM) team is developing a framework to link existing well-established tools developed by highly reputable organizations (e.g., Directory of Open Access Journals; Think, Check, Submit), to create a support infrastructure for authors seeking transparency to inform their publication decisions. The framework will use well-known tested criteria to provide authors with journal assessments and greatly facilitate the journal selection process.

Conclusion: To best establish the editorial rigor of a journal, the team created a VUMC KM journal record comprised of more than 20 fields, each representing distinct publishing transparency criteria. Using semi-automated approaches, information is compiled from multiple sources, including the National Library of Medicine and publisher websites. To reach critical mass, database fields were prioritized for data population based on information most critical for authors’ journal selection decision-making. A detailed review of the first 500 journals selected for analysis, where VUMC authors most frequently published, showed that transparent definitive answers for all targeted criteria were available for approximately 74% (359/500). A majority (357/369; 97%) were indexed in MEDLINE and the most common criteria lacking definitive information was a statement of adherence to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. The project’s resultant infrastructure and end-user interface reflect a knowledge management approach that can be leveraged by authors and information professionals for journal identification and evaluation.

Taneya Y. Koonce

Associate Director for Research
Center for Knowledge Management, Strategy and Innovation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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Mallory N. Blasingame

Information Scientist
Center for Knowledge Management, Strategy and Innovation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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Annette M. Williams

Senior Information Scientist
Center for Knowledge Management, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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Jerry Zhao

Senior Application Developer
Center for Knowledge Management, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

Jerry Zhao, MS, MLIS

2016 - present
Senior Application Developer
Center for Knowledge Management
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

1999 - 2016
Systems Software Specialist
Eskind Biomedical Library
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

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Zachary E. Fox

Associate Director for Information Services
Center for Knowledge Management, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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Elizabeth T. Frakes

Information Scientist
Center for Knowledge Management, Strategy and Innovation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

Elizabeth Frakes, MSIS, Information Scientist, completed her undergraduate work in biology prior to obtaining her Masters in Information Science. Since joining Knowledge Management, Ms. Frakes has specialized in evidence provision, complex clinical question filtering, and information technology at CKM. Ms. Frakes has been heavily involved in the provision of evidence for multiple projects to externalize decision support knowledge from within Vanderbilt’s clinical systems. Leveraging her strong interest in technology, Ms. Frakes is also a CKM liaison with VUMC HealthIT for helping with their website technical needs and is the CKM team point person charged with coordinating maintenance and ongoing updates of the CKM website. Over the past year, she has contributed to the Faster Together Coursera course by aiding with both content development and the technical component.

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Spencer J. DesAutels

Information Scientist
Center for Knowledge Management, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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John D. Clark

Sr Application Developer
Center for Knowledge Management, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

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Dario Giuse

Associate Professor
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

Dario A. Giuse is Associate Professor of Biomedical Informatics in the School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

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Nunzia B. Giuse, FMLA

Vice President for Knowledge Management | Professor Biomedical Informatics, Medicine
Strategy & Innovation, Vanderbilt University Med. Ctr.
Nashville, Tennessee

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