Innovation & Research Practice

Paper: Program Description Abstract

Using Framework Analysis for Qualitative Research Data: Pros and Pitfalls

Sunday, May 5
4:50 PM - 5:05 PM
Room: Columbus IJ (East Tower, Ballroom/Gold Level)

Background : Originally developed as a practical methodology for applied policy research, framework analysis has become popular for qualitative data analysis in health care fields. Librarians at an academic health sciences center sought to explore the feasibility of using the framework analysis methodology to analyze qualitative focus groups data from a five-year public-health sciences library collaboration. The goal was to determine if this methodology provided rigorous and reproducible results from qualitative data, while maintaining enough flexibility for contextual analysis.
Description : Focus groups with participants from the collaboration yielded approximately 13 hours of audio recordings. Investigators then employed a seven-step process of framework analysis to interpret qualitative data: transcription, familiarization, coding, building the analytical framework, applying the analytical framework, data charting, and data interpretation. Benefits of using framework analysis for focus group transcripts included allowing investigators to manage a large amount of data, providing enough structure for reproducibility, ease of synthesis, and allowing a flexible mix of inductive and deductive approaches to the data. Challenges primarily focused on the time-consuming nature of checking transcription, coding, and the charting data phase of analysis.
Conclusion : Large amounts of qualitative data can be overwhelming and difficult to systematically analyze in a reproducible manner. The framework analysis methodology provides structure and reproducibility with enough flexibility to honor the unique nature of qualitative research.

Tara Malone

Assistant Professor/Reference & Instructional Services Librarian
Robert M. Bird Library, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

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Shari Clifton, AHIP

Associate Director & Head, Reference
University of Oklahoma HSC
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

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