Clinical Support

Lightning Talk: Research Abstract

Promoting Evidence-Based Literature through Journal Clubs in Residency Programs

Monday, May 6
2:55 PM - 3:00 PM
Room: Columbus KL (East Tower, Ballroom/Gold Level)

Background : To keep up with the ever-expanding body of medical knowledge for the better care of patients, physicians need to be lifelong learners. Journal clubs are the most effective technique in which to teach evidence-based medicine during residency, and their origins in the late 1870s emphasize the sources of information in which we teach critical appraisal skills.


Description : Most residencies and GME committees require a standard in which scholarship needs to take place, and librarians participating in journal club provide the foundations to offer strategies on how to retrieve reliable information to address patient problems. Librarians will promote their services to support Chief Residents in teaching a skillset of evaluating scientific papers prior to formalizing a journal club. After relationships are created to encourage responses, a Hartzell survey will be sent to define characteristics of practice and general study opinions. The librarian will then sit in to provide supervision or instruction, offer help with retrieving articles that were chosen, and guide journal club members to high quality research. After 6 months of the commencement of librarian-assisted journal clubs, a repeat survey will be sent to participants about opinions the changes in journal club and compare the results.


Conclusions : We are hoping to reinforce that journal clubs are an integral part of residency education but that there is component missing in non-librarian assisted journal clubs. Librarians can manage the overabundance of information, overcome barriers of find and disseminate articles, and be an overall invaluable educational supporter to create the next generation of physicians. This study aims to show that under the guidance and supervision of a trained librarian, it is feasible to produce a successful journal club.

Kristin M. Chapman

Clinical Librarian
Howard University
WASHINGTON, District of Columbia

Kristin Chapman, MLIS Clinical Librarian, has been working in libraries since 2003; first as a circulation assistant at Cedar Crest College, where I tri-majored in History, Political Science and Religious Studies, and then after graduation, as a serial technician at the International Monetary Fund in Washington, DC. I received my Master’s degree in Library and Information Studies from the University College of Dublin, in Dublin, Ireland. Following a deployment to Afghanistan with the United States Army Military Intelligence Corps, I became director of the MedStar Franklin Square’s Medical Library in Baltimore, Maryland, then with the Ochsner Medical Center's Medical Library in New Orleans, Louisiana. I came back to the DC metro area to work as a Medical Librarian at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland. Now I am currently the clinical librarian with Howard University’s Howard University Hospital, working with providing access to residents, faculty and staff.

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