Category: Clinical Practice (assessment, diagnosis, treatment, knowledge translation/EBP, implementation science, program development); Lifestyle Medicine
High cholesterol is one of the important risk factors for major cardiovascular conditions. Here, we examined the values of the total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides in the U.S.
Design : Cross-sectional survey study.
Participants (or Animals, Specimens, Cadavers) :
18,849 participants aged 12 years and older agreed to the blood test. Data obtained in the NHANES 2011-2012, 2013-2014, and 2015-2016 release cycles were analyzed.
Main Outcome Measure(s) :
Lipid panel test.
Female had a greater values in total cholesterol (188.1 vs 180.8 mg/dL) and HDL (57.2 vs 48.7) than male, but had lower triglycerides (104.4 vs 121.9 mg/dL) than male (p=240. For LDL, 45.4% were in the optimal =190. For HDL, 28.8% were in the optimal >=60 range, 24.4% were near optimal 50 to 59, 26.3% were borderline low 40 to 49, and 20.5% were low =500. We summarized the lipid profile stratified by gender, age group, and data release cycle, and explored the relationships between the lipid profile and the cardiovascular health status.
It is essential to monitoring the trend of the lipid profile based on population-based data longitudinally.